Brain Injury Alliance of Colorado



On March 29, 2011 Colorado Governor Hickenlooper signed in to law ‘Jake Snakenberg Youth Sports Concussion Act’ making Colorado one of the dozen or so states to enact legislation.  The bill requires that coaches receive education about concussion, that a student athlete is removed from the field of play if a concussion is suspected and that the student be signed off by a healthcare professional before returning to play. The Act went into effect January 1, 2012. Click here for a copy of the act.

Concussion Management: A Team Approach

Check out this new video describing Colorado’s unique multi-disciplinary approach to concussion management for school-aged youth. Thanks to the Colorado TBI Trust Fund for funding this great video!

Colorado Sports Concussion Special Interest Group Recommendations

Read the recommendations.

Insurance Resources: A Parent’s Guide to Concussions

The decision for a parent to allow their child to play a sport is an important decision, and the results could have an impact on the rest of the child’s life. Participating in a team or competitive individual sport can provide the child with goals, finding ways to achieve goals, working with others and other life lessons that will serve them in their later lives.

Read more from

Athletic Concussion Training for Coaches

  • ACTive Athletic Concussion Training for Coaches offered by the Oregon Center for Applied Science, with funding from the National Institutes of Health.
  • Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports is a free, online course available to coaches, parents, and others helping to keep athletes safe from concussion. Several sport-specific websites link to this course such as USA Rugby.
  • National Federation of High School Associations‘Concussion in Sports – What You Need To Know’ National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have teamed up to provide information and resources to help educate coaches, officials, parents and students on the importance of proper concussion recognition and management in high school sports. Colorado High School Sports Association (CHSSA) requires their coaches to do this course.
  • The National Academy of Neuropsychology Foundation (NAN) and National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA)have joined forces on a national and local grassroots campaign to educate the public, athletes, health professionals, coaches, parents, administrators and others about concussion in sports Raising Concussion Awareness Educational DVD, “Concussions in Football: Signs, Symptoms and Playing Safe” which is available online.

Traumatic Brain Injury Networking Team

The Traumatic Brain Injury Networking Team Resource Network website was designed through funding from the Colorado TBI Trust Fund. The website should serve as a tool for educators, school administrators, school psychologists, related services professionals, and families. Feel free to join in the discussion and learn more about how to support our kids in Colorado with brain injuries.

Jake Snakenberg Youth Sports Concussion Act

Governor Hickenlooper signs the Jake Snakenberg Youth Sports Concussion Act. Photo by Kenny Hosack.

This hard-won piece of legislation will keep our youth athletes safe for the years to come. It requires that coaches get education on how to recognize a concussion, that a player is removed from play if a concussion is suspected and that the student athlete must be signed off by a medical professional before returning to play.This was a proud day for those of us that have spent over a year meeting with stakeholders, creating a consensus and developing language so the bill works for the Colorado youth sports community.

In the Fall of 2004, Jake Snakenberg was a freshman football player at Grandview High School. He likely sustained a concussion in a game the week prior, however, he did not fully understand that he had experienced a concussion and he did not report his symptoms to anyone. One week later, Jake took a typical hit in a game, collapsed on the field and never regained consciousness. Jake passed away from “Second Impact Syndrome” on September 19, 2004.


REAPThe REAP Project is a TBI Trust Fund Education grant between Rocky Mountain Hospital for Children/Health One Emergency Departments and four school districts. The REAP Project is the culmination of a study funded by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) from 2004 to 2007. Originally, the study was designed to focus on the efficacy of a new baseline/post-concussion neurocognitive screening tool. More than one thousand student athletes at Grandview High School, in the Cherry Creek School District, were given baseline screening over three years. Ninety-two students went on to suffer at least one concussion (from sports and non-sports related activities). The researchers compared the 92 concussed students with typical peers, matched for the same sport, grade and gender. The results of the study were enlightening… the researchers found that the two most essential factors to good concussion management are: Education and Collaboration – essentially, good communication between a School Team, a Family Team and a Medical Team. As a result, the REAP Project has compiled all of the lessons learned into this manual to promote a Community-Based Approach to Concussion Management.

The Neuropsychological Impact of Sports-Related Concussion: A Meta-Analysis

Neuropsychological Impact
Click here to read

National Federation of State High School Associations (NHFS) Guidelines for Management of Concussion

New Guidelines

The new NHFS guidelines can be found here

Articles about concussions received from playing sports

Concussion Articles

Click here to read

Issue of NFL Player Concussions


Ensuring player health and safety is of paramount importance for the NFL Players Association. Working to minimize player concussions, the NFLPA will continue to be influential in that critical aspect of health and safety.

Click here to read

The NFHS Coach Education Program


Click here to read.

Concussion in Sports – What You Need to Know


The National Federation of State High School Associations “Concussion in Sports” Course Free to Coaches, Parents, Players
Read the press release.

Epidemiology of Postconcussion Syndrome in Pediatric Mild Traumatic Brain Injury


Read more about the study.

Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport

The 3rd International Conference on Concussion in Sport Heldin Zurich, November 2008
Zurich Paper

Press Releases from the NFL Players Association regarding TBI

NCAA Memorandum

NCAA Memorandum



Concussion Infographic